Reference: Bolton EC, et al. (2005) Identification and characterization of critical cis-acting sequences within the yeast Ty1 retrotransposon. RNA 11(3):308-22

Reference Help

Abstract


The yeast long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposon Ty1, like retroviruses, encodes a terminally redundant RNA, which is packaged into virus-like particles (VLPs) and is converted to a DNA copy by the process of reverse transcription. Mutations predicted to interfere with the priming events during reverse transcription and hence inhibit replication are known to dramatically decrease transposition of Ty1. However, additional cis-acting sequences responsible for Ty1 replication and RNA dimerization and packaging have remained elusive. Here we describe a modular mini-Ty1 element encoding the minimal sequence that can be retrotransposed by the Ty1 proteins, supplied in trans by a helper construct. Using a mutagenic screening strategy, we recovered transposition-deficient modular mini-Ty1-HIS3 elements with mutations in sequences required in cis for Ty1 replication and integration. Two distinct clusters of mutations mapped near the 5'-end of the Ty1 RNA. The clusters define a GAGGAGA sequence at the extreme 5'-end of the Ty1 transcript and a complementary downstream UCUCCUC sequence, 264 nt into the RNA. Disruption of the reverse complementarity of these two sequences decreased transposition and restoration of complementarity rescued transposition to wild-type levels. Ty1 cDNA was reduced in cells expressing RNAs with mutations in either of these short sequences, despite nearly normal levels of Ty1 RNA and VLPs. Our results suggest that the intramolecular interaction between the 5'-GAGGAGA and UCUCCUC sequences stabilizes an RNA structure required for efficient initiation of reverse transcription.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Bolton EC, Coombes C, Eby Y, Cardell M, Boeke JD
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference