The Crt1 (RFX1) protein in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an effector of the DNA damage checkpoint pathway. It recognizes a 13-bp cis-regulatory element in the 5'-untranslated region (5'-UTR) of the ribonucleotide reductase genes RNR2, RNR3, and RNR4; the HUG1 gene; and itself. We calculated the weight matrix representing the Crt1p binding site motif according to analysis of the 5'-UTR sequences of the genes that are under its regulation. We subsequently searched the 5'-UTR sequences of all the genes in the yeast genome for the occurrence of this motif. The motif was found in regulatory regions of 30 genes. A statistical analysis showed that it is unlikely that a random gene cluster contains the motif conserved as well as the Crt1p binding site. Analysis of microarray data provided supporting evidence for five putative Crt1p targets: FSH3, YLR345W, UBC5, NDE2, and NTH2. We used reverse transcription-PCR to compare the expression levels of these genes in wild-type and crt1Delta strains. Our results indicated that FSH3, YLR345W, and NTH2 are indeed under the regulation of Crt1p. Sequence analysis of the FSH3p indicated that this protein may be involved in folate metabolism either by carrying serine hydrolase activity required for the novel metabolic pathway involving dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) or by directly interacting with the DHFR enzyme. We postulate that Crt1p may influence deoxyribonucleotide synthesis not only by regulating expression of the RNR genes but also by modulating DHFR activity. FSH3p shares significant sequence similarity with the product of the human tumor suppressor gene OVCA2. YLR345Wp and NTH2p are enzymes involved in the central metabolism under stress conditions.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|