The heterodimeric Ku complex affects telomere structure in diverse organisms. We report here that in the absence of Ku, the catalytic subunit of telomerase, Est2p, was not telomere-associated in G1 phase, and its association in late S phase was decreased. The telomere association of Est1p, a telomerase component that binds telomeres only in late S phase, was also reduced in the absence of Ku. The effects of Ku on telomerase binding require a 48-nucleotide (nt) stem-loop region of TLC1 telomerase RNA. Ku interacts with TLC1 RNA via this 48-nt region throughout the cell cycle, but this interaction was reduced after telomere replication. These data support a model in which Ku recruits telomerase to telomeres in G1 phase when telomerase is inactive and promotes telomerase-mediated telomere lengthening in late S phase.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|