Reference: Xu C and Henry MF (2004) Nuclear export of hnRNP Hrp1p and nuclear export of hnRNP Npl3p are linked and influenced by the methylation state of Npl3p. Mol Cell Biol 24(24):10742-56

Reference Help

Abstract

Eukaryotic mRNA processing and export are mediated by a series of complexes composed of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs). Many of these hnRNPs are methylated at arginine residues within their RGG domains. Although cellular arginine methylation is required for the efficient nuclear export of several hnRNPs, its role in this process is unknown. To address this question, we replaced the methylated RGG tripeptides of two hnRNPs, Npl3p and Hrp1p, with KGG. We found that these substitutions specifically abolish their methylation but have different effects on their nuclear export activity. Although the efficient export of Hrp1p requires cellular methyltransferase activity, the modification of Hrp1p itself is dispensable. In contrast, we found that Npl3 arginine methylation not only facilitates its own export but also is required for Hrp1p to efficiently exit the nucleus. Consistent with this observation, we found that Npl3p and Hrp1p exist in a ribonucleoprotein complex. We provide the first evidence that the arginine methylation of a particular protein directly affects its activity. Efficient export does not require methylation per se, but unmethylated arginine residues lead to retention of hnRNPs. Thus, arginine methylation serves to mask the Npl3p RGG domain for efficient ribonucleoprotein export.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Xu C, Henry MF
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference