Here we report the functional characterization of Pwp2, an evolutionary conserved component of the 90 S pre-ribosome. Conditional depletion of the Pwp2 protein in yeast specifically impairs pre-rRNA proccessing at sites A(0), A(1), and A(2), leading to a strong decrease in 18 S rRNA and 40 S ribosomal subunit levels. Pre-ribosomal particle sedimentation analysis indicated that these defects are caused by a block in the formation of 90 S pre-ribosomes. We demonstrate that in Pwp2-depleted cells the U3 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein is not able to interact with the 35 S pre-rRNA and accumulates as a free complex. Similarly, other 90 S particle components such as Imp3 and Imp4 do not associate with the pre-rRNA precursor in the absence of Pwp2. In addition, we have found that after blocking U3 ribonucleoprotein assembly, Pwp2 predominantly accumulates as a complex in association with five proteins: Dip2, Utp6, Utp13, Utp18, and Utp21. Immunoprecipitation and gradient sedimentation analysis revealed that this Pwp2 small subcomplex is capable of interacting directly with the 35 S pre-rRNA 5' end. Taken together, these results indicate that Pwp2 forms part of a stable particle subunit independent of the U3 small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein that is essential for the initial assembly steps of the 90 S pre-ribosome.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|