Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that express either the wild type or the amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-associated mutant human copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) proteins A4V and G93A, respectively, in a yeast SOD1-deficient parent strain were used to investigate the hypothesis that expression of a mutant SOD1 protein causes deficient mitochondrial electron transport as a possible mechanism for disease induction. Mitochondria isolated from the wild type SOD1-expressing yeast were identical to mitochondria from the parent strain in heme content and activities of complexes II, III, and IV. Mitochondria isolated from the A4V-expressing yeast had decreased rates of electron transport in complexes II+III, III, and IV and corresponding decreases in hemes b, c-c1, and a-a3 content compared to mitochondria from wild type human SOD1-expressing yeast. Mitochondria isolated from G93A-expressing yeast had decreased rates of electron transport in complex IV and probably in complex II with a corresponding decrease in heme a-a3 content. These results suggest that mutant SOD1-expression causes defective electron transport complex assembly and that the yeast system will provide an excellent model for the study of the mechanism of mutant SOD1-induced mitochondrial electron transport defects.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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