Reference: Flotho A, et al. (2004) Localized feedback phosphorylation of Ste5p scaffold by associated MAPK cascade. J Biol Chem 279(45):47391-401

Reference Help

Abstract

Scaffold proteins play pivotal roles during signal transduction. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the Ste5p scaffold protein is required for activation of the mating MAPK cascade in response to mating pheromone and assembles a G protein-MAPK cascade complex at the plasma membrane. To serve this function, Ste5p undergoes a regulated localization event involving nuclear shuttling and recruitment to the cell cortex. Here, we show that Ste5p is also subject to two types of phosphorylation and increases in abundance as a result of MAPK activation. During vegetative growth, Ste5p is basally phosphorylated through a process regulated by the CDK Cdc28p. During mating pheromone signaling, Ste5p undergoes increased phosphorylation by the mating MAPK cascade. Multiple kinases of the mating MAPK cascade contribute to pheromone-induced phosphorylation of Ste5p, with the mating MAPKs contributing the most. Pheromone induction or overexpression of the Ste4p Gbeta subunit increases the abundance of Ste5p at a post-translational step, as long as the mating MAPKs are present. Increasing the level of MAPK activation increases the amount of Ste5p at the cell cortex. Analysis of Ste5p localization mutants reveals a strict requirement for Ste5p recruitment to the plasma membrane for the pheromone-induced phosphorylation. These results suggest that the pool of Ste5p that is recruited to the plasma membrane selectively undergoes feedback phosphorylation by the associated MAPKs, leading to an increased pool of Ste5p at the site of polarized growth. These findings provide evidence of a spatially regulated mechanism for post-activation control of a signaling scaffold that potentiates pathway activation.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Flotho A, Simpson DM, Qi M, Elion EA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference