Autophagy is a process for the bulk degradation of cytosolic compartments by lysosomes/vacuoles. The formation of autophagosomes involves a dynamic rearrangement of the membrane for which two ubiquitin-like modifications (the conjugation of Apg12p and the modification of a soluble form of MAP-LC3 to a membrane-bound form) are essential. In yeast, Apg10p is an E2-like enzyme essential for Apg12p conjugation. The isolated mouse APG10 gene product interacts with mammalian Apg12p dependent on mammalian Apg7p (E1-like enzyme), and facilitates Apg12p conjugation. The interaction of Apg10p with Apg12p is dependent on the carboxyl-terminal glycine of Apg12p. Mutational analysis of the predicted active site cysteine (Cys161) within mouse Apg10p shows that mutant Apg10pC161S, which can form a stable intermediate with Apg12p, inhibits Apg12p conjugation even in the presence of Apg7p, while overexpression of Apg7p facilitates formation of an Apg12p-Apg5p conjugate. Furthermore, the coexpression of Apg10p with Apg7p facilitates the modification of a soluble form of MAP-LC3 to a membrane-bound form, a second modification essential for autophagy. Mouse Apg10p interacts with MAP-LC3 in HEK293 cells, while no mutant Apg10pC161S forms any intermediate with MAP-LC3. Direct interaction between Apg10p and MAP-LC3 is also demonstrated by yeast two-hybrid analysis. The inability of mutant Apg10pC161S to form any intermediate with MAP-LC3 has ruled out the possibility that MAP-LC3 interacts with Apg10p as a substrate.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|