Reference: Ohishi K, et al. (2003) Two subunits of glycosylphosphatidylinositol transamidase, GPI8 and PIG-T, form a functionally important intermolecular disulfide bridge. J Biol Chem 278(16):13959-67

Reference Help

Abstract


Many eukaryotic proteins are tethered to the plasma membrane via glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI). GPI transamidase is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum and mediates post-translational transfer of preformed GPI to proteins bearing a carboxyl-terminal GPI attachment signal. Mammalian GPI transamidase is a multimeric complex consisting of at least five subunits. Here we report that two subunits of mammalian GPI transamidase, GPI8 and PIG-T, form a functionally important disulfide bond between conserved cysteine residues. GPI8 and PIG-T mutants in which relevant cysteines were replaced with serines were unable to fully restore the surface expression of GPI-anchored proteins upon transfection into their respective mutant cells. Microsomal membranes of these transfectants had markedly decreased activities in an in vitro transamidase assay. The formation of this disulfide bond is not essential but required for full transamidase activity. Antibodies against GPI8 and PIG-T revealed that endogenous as well as exogenous proteins formed a disulfide bond. Furthermore trypanosome GPI8 forms a similar intermolecular disulfide bond via its conserved cysteine residue, suggesting that the trypanosome GPI transamidase is also a multimeric complex likely containing the orthologue of PIG-T. We also demonstrate that an inactive human GPI transamidase complex that consists of non-functional GPI8 and four other components was co-purified with the proform of substrate proteins, indicating that these five components are sufficient to hold the substrate proteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Ohishi K, Nagamune K, Maeda Y, Kinoshita T
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference