Contributions of the highly conserved K270 and its neighboring K271 in the C-terminal region of the yeast ribosomal protein L1 to 5S rRNA binding and ribosome assembly were examined by in vivo and in vitro studies on the consequences of 14 substitution mutations. All mutant proteins with a single amino-acid substitution at either position were able to bind 5S rRNA in vitro to an extent comparable to the wild-type. Yeast cells expressing these mutant proteins, except the K270G mutant, grew at nearly normal rates. Mutations of K270 appeared to produce more demonstrable effects than those of K271. The double mutant K270,271G bound RNA poorly and yeast cells expressing the mutant protein grew 30% slower. Double mutants K270,271E and K270,271R were lethal, although the mutant protein was assembled into the 60S ribosomal subunits. The resultant subunits were not stable leading eventually to cell death. The in vitro RNA binding ability of the respective protein was reduced by 60% and 20%. Taken together, the present data identified K270 and K271 as important amino-acid residues in the function of the yeast ribosomal protein L1.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|