N-oligosaccharides of Saccharomyces cerevisiae glycoproteins are classified as core and mannan types. The former contain 13-14 mannoses whereas mannan-type structures consist of an inner core extended with an outer chain of up to 200-300 mannoses, a process known as hyperglycosylation. The selection of substrates for hyperglycosylation poses a theoretical and practical question. To identify hyperglycosylation determinants, we have analyzed the influence of the second amino acid (Xaa) of the sequon in this process using the major exoglucanase as a model. Our results indicate that negatively charged amino acids inhibit hyperglycosylation, whereas positively charged counterparts promote it. On the basis of the tridimensional structure of Exg1, we propose that Xaa influences the orientation of the inner core making it accessible to mannan polymerase I in the appropriate position for the addition of alpha-1,6-mannoses. The presence of Glu in the Xaa of the second sequon of the native exoglucanase suggests that negative selection may drive evolution of these sites. However, a comparison of invertases secreted by S. cerevisiae and Pichia anomala suggests that hyperglycosylation signals are also subjected to positive selection.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|