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Reference: Wicky S, et al. (2004) Molecular interactions of yeast Neo1p, an essential member of the Drs2 family of aminophospholipid translocases, and its role in membrane trafficking within the endomembrane system. Mol Cell Biol 24(17):7402-18

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Abstract


Neo1p is an essential yeast member of the highly conserved Drs2 family of P-type ATPases with proposed aminophospholipid translocase activity. Here we present evidence that Neo1p localizes to endosomes and Golgi elements. In agreement with that finding, the temperature-sensitive neo1-37 and neo1-69 mutants exhibit defects in receptor-mediated endocytosis, vacuole biogenesis, and vacuolar protein sorting. Furthermore, neo1 mutants accumulate aberrantly shaped membranous structures most likely derived from vacuoles and the endosomal/Golgi system. At permissive temperatures, HA-Neo1-69p, like wild-type Neo1p, is stable and associates with endosomes. In contrast, HA-Neo1-37p is rapidly degraded and is predominantly retained within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Thus, the two neo1 alleles affect the stability and localization of the mutant polypeptides in different ways. A C-terminally truncated and a C-terminally epitope-tagged version of Neo1p are nonfunctional and also mislocalize to the ER. In agreement with a role within the endomembrane system, Neo1p exhibits genetic and physical interactions with Ysl2p, a potential guanine nucleotide exchange factor for Arl1p. Interestingly, deletion of ARL1 rescues the temperature sensitivity of neo1-37 and neo1-69. We demonstrate that Arl1p in its myristoylated and GTP-bound form is responsible for the inhibitory effect. Thus, Neo1p, Ysl2p, and Arl1p represent three proteins that collaborate in membrane trafficking within the endosomal/Golgi system.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Wicky S, Schwarz H, Singer-Kruger B
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