The Tup1-Ssn6 complex has been well characterized as a Saccharomyces cerevisiae general transcriptional repressor with functionally conserved homologues in metazoans. These homologues are essential for cell differentiation and many other developmental processes. The mechanism of repression of all of these proteins remains poorly understood. Srb10 (a cyclin-dependent kinase associated with the Mediator complex) and Hda1 (a class I histone deacetylase) have each been implicated in Tup1-mediated repression. We present a statistically based genome-wide analysis that reveals that Hda1 partially represses roughly 30% of Tup1-repressed genes, whereas Srb10 kinase activity contributes to the repression of approximately 15% of Tup1-repressed genes. These effects only partially overlap, suggesting that different Tup1-repression mechanisms predominate at different promoters. We also demonstrate a distinction between histone deacetylation and transcriptional repression. In an HDA1 deletion, many Tup1-repressed genes are hyperacetylated at lysine 18 of histone H3, yet are not derepressed, indicating deacetylation alone is not sufficient to repress most Tup1-controlled genes. In a strain lacking both Srb10 and Hda1 functions, more than half of the Tup1-repressed genes are still repressed, suggesting that Tup1-mediated repression occurs by multiple, partially overlapping mechanisms, at least one of which is unknown.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|