Reference: Nagaraj VH, et al. (2004) Combined analysis of expression data and transcription factor binding sites in the yeast genome. BMC Genomics 5(1):59

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Abstract


BACKGROUND: The analysis of gene expression using DNA microarrays provides genome wide profiles of the genes controlled by the presence or absence of a specific transcription factor. However, the question arises of whether a change in the level of transcription of a specific gene is caused by the transcription factor acting directly at the promoter of the gene or through regulation of other transcription factors working at the promoter. RESULTS: To address this problem we have devised a computational method that combines microarray expression and site preference data. We have tested this approach by identifying functional targets of the a1-alpha2 complex, which represses haploid-specific genes in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our analysis identified many known or suspected haploid-specific genes that are direct targets of the a1-alpha2 complex, as well as a number of previously uncharacterized targets. We were also able to identify a number of haploid-specific genes which do not appear to be direct targets of the a1-alpha2 complex, as well as a1-alpha2 target sites that do not repress transcription of nearby genes. Our method has a much lower false positive rate when compared to some of the conventional bioinformatic approaches. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show advantages of combining these two forms of data to investigate the mechanism of co-regulation of specific sets of genes.

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Nagaraj VH, O'Flanagan RA, Bruning AR, Mathias JR, Vershon AK, Sengupta AM
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