Reference: Silber J, et al. (2004) Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 orthologues from five eukaryotes are activated by the hydrophobic motif in AGC kinases. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 321(4):823-7

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Abstract


Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 (PDK1) mediates activation of many AGC kinases by docking onto a phosphorylated hydrophobic motif located C-terminal of the catalytic domain in the AGC kinase. The interaction shifts PDK1 into a conformation with increased catalytic activity and leads to autophosphorylation of PDK1. We demonstrate here that addition of a hydrophobic motif peptide increases the catalytic activity of PDK1 orthologues from Homo sapiens, Aplysia californica, Arabidopsis thaliana, Schizosaccharomyces pombe (ksg1), and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Pkh1 and Pkh2) 2- to 12-fold. Furthermore, the hydrophobic motif peptide increases autophosphorylation of PDK1 from Homo sapiens, S. pombe, and S. cerevisiae (Phk2). Our results suggest that PDK1 interaction and activation by the hydrophobic motif of AGC kinases is a central mechanism in PDK1 function, which is conserved during eukaryotic evolution.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study | In Vitro
Authors
Silber J, Antal TL, Gammeltoft S, Rasmussen TE
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