Reference: Putnam CD, et al. (2004) Chromosome healing through terminal deletions generated by de novo telomere additions in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101(36):13262-7

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Abstract


Broken chromosomes healed by de novo addition of a telomere are a major class of genome rearrangements seen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and similar to rearrangements seen in human tumors. We have analyzed the sequences of 534 independent de novo telomere additions within a 12-kb region of chromosome V. The distribution of events mirrored that of four-base sequences consisting of the GG, GT, and TG dinucleotides, suggesting that de novo telomere additions occur at short regions of homology to the telomerase guide RNA. These chromosomal sequences restrict potential registrations of the added telomere sequence. The first 11 nucleotides of the addition sequences fell into common families that included 91% of the breakpoints. The observed registrations suggest that the 3' end of the TLC1 guide RNA is involved in annealing but not as a template for synthesis. Some families of added sequences can be accounted for by one cycle of annealing and extension, whereas others require a minimum of two. The same pattern emerges for sequences added onto the most common addition sequence, indicating that de novo telomeres are added and extended by the same process. Together, these data indicate that annealing is central to telomerase registration, which limits telomere heterogeneity and resolves the problem of synthesizing Rap1 binding sites by a nonprocessive telomerase with a low-complexity guide RNA sequence.

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Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Putnam CD, Pennaneach V, Kolodner RD
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