AAA proteases are membrane-bound ATP-dependent proteases that are present in eubacteria, mitochondria and chloroplasts and that can degrade membrane proteins. Recent evidence suggests dislocation of membrane-embedded substrates for proteolysis to occur in a hydrophilic environment; however, next to nothing is known about the mechanism of this process. Here, we have analysed the role of the membrane-spanning domains of Yta10 and Yta12, which are conserved subunits of the hetero-oligomeric m-AAA protease in the mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. We demonstrate that the m-AAA protease retains proteolytic activity after deletion of the transmembrane segments of either Yta10 or Yta12. Although the mutant m-AAA protease is still capable of processing cytochrome c peroxidase and degrading a peripheral membrane protein, proteolysis of integral membrane proteins is impaired. We therefore propose that transmembrane segments of m-AAA protease subunits have a direct role in the dislocation of membrane-embedded substrates.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|