Take our Survey

Reference: Munson AM, et al. (2004) Yeast ARL1 encodes a regulator of K+ influx. J Cell Sci 117(Pt 11):2309-20

Reference Help

Abstract


A molecular genetic approach was undertaken in Saccharomyces cerevisiae to examine the functions of ARL1, encoding a G protein of the Ras superfamily. We show here that ARL1 is an important component of the control of intracellular K(+). The arl1 mutant was sensitive to toxic cations, including hygromycin B and other aminoglycoside antibiotics, tetramethylammonium ions, methylammonium ions and protons. The hygromycin-B-sensitive phenotype was suppressed by the inclusion of K(+) and complemented by wild-type ARL1 and an allele of ARL1 predicted to be unbound to nucleotide in vivo. The arl1 mutant strain internalized approximately 25% more [(14)C]-methylammonium ion than did the wild type, consistent with hyperpolarization of the plasma membrane. The arl1 strain took up 30-40% less (86)Rb(+) than did the wild type, showing an inability to regulate K(+) import properly, contributing to membrane hyperpolarity. By contrast, K(+) and H(+) efflux were undisturbed. The loss of ARL1 had no effect on the steady-state level or the localization of a tagged version of Trk1p. High copy suppressors of the hygromycin-B phenotype included SAP155, encoding a protein that interacts with the cell cycle regulator Sit4p, and HAL4 and HAL5, encoding Ser/Thr kinases that regulate the K(+)-influx mediators Trk1p and Trk2p. These results are consistent with a model in which ARL1, via regulation of HAL4/HAL5, governs K(+) homeostasis in cells.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Authors
Munson AM, Haydon DH, Love SL, Fell GL, Palanivel VR, Rosenwald AG
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference