Reference: Makovets S, et al. (2004) Anatomy and dynamics of DNA replication fork movement in yeast telomeric regions. Mol Cell Biol 24(9):4019-31

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Abstract

Replication initiation and replication fork movement in the subtelomeric and telomeric DNA of native Y' telomeres of yeast were analyzed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis techniques. Replication origins (ARSs) at internal Y' elements were found to fire in early-mid-S phase, while ARSs at the terminal Y' elements were confirmed to fire late. An unfired Y' ARS, an inserted foreign (bacterial) sequence, and, as previously reported, telomeric DNA each were shown to impose a replication fork pause, and pausing is relieved by the Rrm3p helicase. The pause at telomeric sequence TG(1-3) repeats was stronger at the terminal tract than at the internal TG(1-3) sequences located between tandem Y' elements. We show that the telomeric replication fork pause associated with the terminal TG(1-3) tracts begins approximately 100 bp upstream of the telomeric repeat tract sequence. Telomeric pause strength was dependent upon telomere length per se and did not require the presence of a variety of factors implicated in telomere metabolism and/or known to cause telomere shortening. The telomeric replication fork pause was specific to yeast telomeric sequence and was independent of the Sir and Rif proteins, major known components of yeast telomeric heterochromatin.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Makovets S, Herskowitz I, Blackburn EH
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