The yeast mitochondrion is shown to contain a pool of copper that is distinct from that associated with the two known mitochondrial cuproenzymes, superoxide dismutase (Sod1) and cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) and the copper-binding CcO assembly proteins Cox11, Cox17, and Sco1. Only a small fraction of mitochondrial copper is associated with these cuproproteins. The bulk of the remainder is localized within the matrix as a soluble, anionic, low molecular weight complex. The identity of the matrix copper ligand is unknown, but the bulk of the matrix copper fraction is not protein-bound. The mitochondrial copper pool is dynamic, responding to changes in the cytosolic copper level. The addition of copper salts to the growth medium leads to an increase in mitochondrial copper, yet the expansion of this matrix pool does not induce any respiration defects. The matrix copper pool is accessible to a heterologous cuproenzyme. Co-localization of human Sod1 and the metallochaperone CCS within the mitochondrial matrix results in suppression of growth defects of sod2Delta cells. However, in the absence of CCS within the matrix, the activation of human Sod1 can be achieved by the addition of copper salts to the growth medium.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|