Using a synthetic lethality screen we found that the Sit4 phosphatase is functionally linked to the ubiquitin-proteasome system. Yeast cells harboring sit4 mutations and an impaired proteasome (due to pre1-1 pre4-1 mutations) exhibited defective growth on minimal medium. Nearly identical synthetic effects were found when sit4 mutations were combined with defects of the Rad6/Ubc2- and Cdc34/Ubc3-dependent ubiquitination pathways. Under synthetic lethal conditions, sit4 pre or sit4 ubc mutants formed strongly enlarged unbudded cells with a DNA content of 1N, indicating a defect in the maintenance of cell integrity during starvation-induced G(1) arrest. Sit4-related synthetic effects could be cured by high osmotic pressure or by the addition of certain amino acids to the growth medium. These results suggest a concerted function of the Sit4 phosphatase and the ubiquitin-proteasome system in osmoregulation and in the sensing of nutrients. Further analysis showed that Sit4 is not a target of proteasome-dependent protein degradation. We could also show that Sit4 does not contribute to regulation of proteasome activity. These data suggest that both Sit4 phosphatase and the proteasome act on a common target protein.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|