The yeast cwh36Delta mutant was identified in a screen for yeast mutants exhibiting a Vma(-) phenotype suggestive of loss of vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) activity. The mutation disrupts two genes, CWH36 and a recently identified open reading frame on the opposite strand, YCL005W-A. We demonstrate that disruption of YCL005W-A is entirely responsible for the Vma(-) growth phenotype of the cwh36Delta mutant. YCL005W-A encodes a homolog of proteins associated with the Manduca sexta and bovine chromaffin granule V-ATPase. The functional significance of these proteins for V-ATPase activity had not been tested, but we show that the protein encoded by YCL005W-A, which we call Vma9p, is essential for V-ATPase activity in yeast. Vma9p is localized to the vacuole but fails to reach the vacuole in a mutant lacking one of the integral membrane subunits of the V-ATPase. Vma9p is associated with the yeast V-ATPase complex in vacuolar membranes, as demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation with known V-ATPase subunits and glycerol gradient fractionation of solubilized vacuolar membranes. Based on this evidence, we propose that Vma9p is a genuine subunit of the yeast V-ATPase and that e subunits may be a functionally essential part of all eukaryotic V-ATPases.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|