Homing endonucleases are extremely specific endodeoxyribonucleases. In vivo, these enzymes confer mobility on their genes by inducing a very specific double-strand cut in cognate alleles that lack the cooling sequence for the homing endonuclease; the cellular repair of the double-strand break with the endonuclease-containing allele as a template leads to integration of the endonuclease gene, completing the homing process. As a result of their extreme sequence specificity, homing endonucleases are promising tools for genome engineering. For this purpose, it is desirable to design enzymes with defined new specificities. To analyse which DNA-binding elements are potential candidates for use in the design of enzymes with modified or even new specificity, we produced several chimeric proteins derived from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae VMA1 intein (PI-SceI) and the related Candida tropicalis VMA1 intein. Although the mature Candida intein is devoid of endonucleolytic activity, the exchange of two DNA-binding modules of PI-SceI with the homologous elements from the Candida intein results in an active endonuclease. The low sequence homology in these modules indicates that different protein-DNA contacts are responsible for the recognition of related DNA sequences. This flexibility in DNA recognition should, in principle, allow endonucleases to be produced with new specificities useful for genome engineering.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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