Take our Survey

Reference: Klumpp S, et al. (1994) A membrane-bound protein phosphatase type 2C from Paramecium tetraurelia. Purification, characterization, and cloning. J Biol Chem 269(52):32774-80

Reference Help

Abstract

We isolated the first membrane-bound type 2C serine/threonine protein phosphatase from the ciliated protozoan Paramecium tetraurelia (PtPP2C). Three isozymes of 33, 32, and 31 kDa with a specific activity of 1 mumol.min-1.mg1 were purified from the ciliary membrane. All enzymatic properties including (a) insensitivity toward inhibitors of other protein phosphatase families such as okadaic acid and microcystin, (b) absolute requirement for divalent cations, and (c) substrate specificity tested with synthetic phosphopeptides were identical to mammalian PP2C enzymes and identified the PtPP2C as a canonical PP2C in spite of it being about 25% smaller. The NH2-terminal was blocked. Microsequencing of six tryptic peptides established a relationship to other PP2C enzymes. The PtPP2C gene was obtained using degenerate oligonucleotide primers and the polymerase chain reaction. The gene coded for a 33-kDa protein with 300 amino acids and had an (A+T) content of 62%, typical for this protozoan. Nine of 15 Gln residues are encoded by TAA, a universal stop codon which codes for Gln in Paramecium. A large truncation at the COOH-terminal is responsible for the smaller size of the PtPP2C. Only a single transcript of 1 kilobase was detected with a Northern blot indicating that the 32- and 31-kDa proteins were proteolytic products of the 33-kDa enzyme. Sequence comparisons with PP2C enzymes from rat, rabbit, yeast, Arabidopsis, and Leishmania defined a highly diverged enzyme family which shares three conserved domains, I, II, and III, accounting for about 25% of the primary structure. We demonstrated further that the distances between domains I/II and II/III are very similar in all PP2C enzymes (9-13 and 74-80 amino acids, respectively). However, the amino acid sequences of the spacer regions are unrelated. In addition, the COOH-terminal ends of 100-200 amino acids which comprise 30-50% of the enzyme, display no identity. A dendrogramm shows that PtPP2C surprisingly is most closely related to the mammalian PP2C, and enzymes from Leishmania, Arabidopsis, and yeast are more distant relatives.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Klumpp S, Hanke C, Donella-Deana A, Beyer A, Kellner R, Pinna LA, Schultz JE
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference