The Saccharomyces cerevisiae Nhp6 protein contains a DNA-binding motif that is similar to those found in the high mobility group B family of chromatin proteins. Nhp6 bound to nucleosomes and made at least two changes in them: the nucleosomal DNA became more sensitive to DNase I at specific sites, and the nucleosomes became competent to bind Spt16-Pob3 to form yFACT.nucleosome complexes. Both changes occurred at similar concentrations of Nhp6, suggesting that they reflect the same structural reorganization of the nucleosome. Nucleosomes have multiple binding sites for Nhp6, and structural reorganization was associated with a concentration of Nhp6 about 10-fold higher than that needed for simple binding. We propose that the coordinated action of multiple Nhp6 molecules is required to convert nucleosomes to an alternative form as the first step in a two-step reorganization of nucleosomes with the second step being dependent on Spt16-Pob3. The presence of linker DNA had only subtle effects on these processes, indicating that both Nhp6 and yFACT act on core nucleosome structure rather than on the interaction between nucleosomes and adjacent DNA. These results suggest that Nhp6 and the related high mobility group B proteins may have a general role in promoting rearrangements of chromatin by initiating the destabilization of core nucleosomal structure.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|