Using a coimmunoprecipitation strategy, we showed that the Cdc34 ubiquitin (Ub)-conjugating enzyme from Saccharomyces cerevisiae self-associates in cell lysates, thereby indicating an in vivo interaction. The ability of Cdc34 to interact with itself is not dependent on its association with the ubiquitin ligase Skp1-Cdc53/Cul1-Hrt1-F-box complex. Rather, this interaction depends upon the integrity of the Cdc34-Ub thiolester. Furthermore, several principal determinants within the Cdc34 catalytic domain, including the active-site cysteine, amino acid residues S73 and S97, and its catalytic domain insertion, also play a role in self-association. Mutational studies have shown that these determinants are functionally important in vivo and operate at the levels of both Cdc34-Ub thiolester formation and Cdc34-mediated multi-Ub chain assembly. These determinants are spatially situated in a region that is close to the active site, corresponding closely to the previously identified E2-Ub interface. These observations indicate that the formation of the Cdc34-Ub thiolester is important for Cdc34 self-association and that the interaction of Cdc34-Ub thiolesters is in turn a prerequisite for both multi-Ub chain assembly and Cdc34's essential function(s). A conclusion from these findings is that the placement of ubiquitin on the Cdc34 surface is a structurally important feature of Cdc34's function.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|