Take our Survey

Reference: Luk E, et al. (2003) Manganese activation of superoxide dismutase 2 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae requires MTM1, a member of the mitochondrial carrier family. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100(18):10353-7

Reference Help

Abstract


Manganese-containing superoxide dismutase (SOD2) plays a critical role in guarding against mitochondrial oxidative stress and is essential for survival of many organisms. Despite the recognized importance of SOD2, nothing is known regarding the mechanisms by which this nuclear-encoded protein is converted to an active enzyme in the mitochondrial matrix. To search for factors that participate in the posttranslational activation of SOD2, we screened for yeast genes that when mutated lead to SOD2 inactivation and identified a single ORF, YGR257c. The encoded protein localizes to the mitochondria and represents a member of the yeast mitochondrial carrier family. YGR257c was previously recognized as the homologue to human CGI-69, a widely expressed mitochondrial carrier family of unknown function. Our studies suggest a connection with SOD2, and we have named the yeast gene MTM1 for manganese trafficking factor for mitochondrial SOD2. Inactivation of yeast MTM1 leads to loss of SOD2 activity that is restored only when cells are treated with high supplements of manganese, but not other heavy metals, indicative of manganese deficiency in the SOD2 polypeptide. Surprisingly, the mitochondrial organelle of mtm1 Delta mutants shows no deficiency in manganese levels. Moreover, mtm1 Delta mutations do not impair activity of a cytosolic version of manganese SOD. We propose that Mtm1p functions in the mitochondrial activation of SOD2 by specifically facilitating insertion of the essential manganese cofactor.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Luk E, Carroll M, Baker M, Culotta VC
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference