The inhibitor-of-growth (ING) family of proteins was founded by human ING1, a tumor suppressor interacting with p53 in vivo and required for its function in transcription/apoptosis. There are five different ING genes in humans, three of which have been linked to p53 function. In this study, we analyzed the three ING family members present in yeast. We demonstrate that each one is purified as a key component of a specific histone-modifying complex. Pho23 is part of Rpd3/Sin3 histone deacetylase complex, while Yng1 and Yng2 are subunits of the NuA3 and NuA4 histone acetyltransferase complexes, respectively. We also show that the three different ING proteins have opposite roles in transcriptional activation by p53 in vivo. These effects are linked to the presence of each ING in its respective chromatin modifying complex, since mutation of the corresponding catalytic subunit gave similar results. Depletion of Pho23/Rpd3 leads to increased p53-dependent transcription in vivo while depletion of Yng2 abrogates it. Surprisingly, deletion of YNG1 or SAS3 leads to increased transcriptional activation by p53. These data suggest that the NuA3 complex can function in gene-specific repression, an unusual role for a histone acetyltransferase complex. They also demonstrate the key specific role of ING proteins in different chromatin modifying complexes and their opposite functions in p53-dependent transcription.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|