Impaired electron transport chain function has been related to increases in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Here we analyzed different pet mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in order to determine the relative contribution of respiratory chain components in ROS generation and removal. We found that the maintenance of respiration strongly prevented mitochondrial H(2)O(2) release and increased cellular H(2)O(2) removal. Among all respiratory-deficient strains analyzed, cells lacking cytochrome c (cyc3 point mutants) presented the highest level of H(2)O(2) synthesis, indicating that the absence of functional cytochrome c in mitochondria leads to oxidative stress. This finding was supported by the presence of high levels of catalase and peroxidase activity despite the lack of respiration. Furthermore, the addition of exogenous cytochrome c to isolated yeast mitoplasts significantly reduced H(2)O(2) detection in a manner enhanced by cytochrome c reduction and the presence of a functional respiratory chain. Together, our results indicate that the maintenance of electron transport by cytochrome c prevents ROS generation by the respiratory chain.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|