By using a yeast functional complementation assay, we have identified AtTDX, a new Arabidopsis thaliana gene, encoding a two-domain 42-kDa protein. The amino-terminal domain of AtTDX is closely related to the co-chaperone Hsp70-interacting protein HIP, whereas its carboxyl-terminal part contains a thioredoxin domain. Both in vivo and in vitro assays showed that AtTDX is a protein-disulfide reductase. We next found that the HIP domain of AtTDX is capable of interacting with the ATPase domain of Ssb2, a yeast heat-shock protein 70 chaperone. Strikingly, the AtTDX-Ssb2 interaction can be released under oxidative stress, a redox-dependent regulation involving the thioredoxin activity of AtTDX. A mutation inactivating the cysteine 20 of the ATPase domain of Ssb2 was found to stabilize the AtTDX-Ssb2 interaction that becomes redox-insensitive. As cysteine 20 is conserved in virtually all the Hsp70 chaperones, our results suggest that this residue might be more generally the target of redox regulations of chaperone binding activity.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|