Numerous nonribosomal trans-acting factors involved in pre-rRNA processing have been characterized, but few of them are specifically required for the last cytoplasmic steps of 18S rRNA maturation. We have recently demonstrated that Rrp10p/Rio1p is such a factor. By BLAST analysis, we identified the product of a previously uncharacterized essential gene, YNL207W/RIO2, called Rio2p, that shares 43% sequence similarity with Rrp10p/Rio1p. Rio2p homologues were identified throughout the Archaea and metazoan species. We show that Rio2p is a cytoplasmic-nuclear protein and that its depletion blocks 18S rRNA production, leading to 20S pre-rRNA accumulation. In situ hybridization reveals that in Rio2p-depleted cells, 20S pre-rRNA localizes in the cytoplasm, demonstrating that its accumulation is not due to an export defect. We also show that both Rio1p and Rio2p accumulate in the nucleus of crm1-1 cells at the nonpermissive temperature. Nuclear as well as cytoplasmic Rio2p and Rio1p cosediment with pre-40S particles. These results strongly suggest that Rio2p and Rrp10p/Rio1p are shuttling proteins which associate with pre-40S particles in the nucleus and they are not necessary for export of the pre-40S complexes but are absolutely required for the cytoplasmic maturation of 20S pre-rRNA at site D, leading to mature 40S ribosomal subunits.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|