Golgins are Golgi-localized proteins present in all molecularly characterized eukaryotes that function in Golgi transport and maintenance of Golgi structure. Some peripheral membrane Golgins, including the yeast Imh1 protein, contain the recently described GRIP domain that can independently mediate Golgi localization by an unknown mechanism. To identify candidate Golgi receptors for GRIP domain proteins, a collection of Saccharomyces cerevisiae deletion mutants was visually screened by using yeast, mouse, and human GFP-GRIP domain fusion proteins for defects in Golgi localization. GFP-GRIP reporters were localized to the cytosol in cells lacking either of two ARF-like (ARL) GTPases, Arl1p and Arl3p. In vitro binding experiments demonstrated that activated Arl1p-GTP binds specifically and directly to the Imh1p GRIP domain. Arl1p colocalized with Imh1p-GRIP at the Golgi, and Golgi localization of Arl1p was regulated by the GTPase cycle of Arl3p. These results suggest a cascade in which the GTPase cycle of Arl3p regulates Golgi localization of Arl1p, which in turn binds to the GRIP domain of Imh1p and recruits it to the Golgi. The similar requirements for localization of GRIP domains from yeast, mouse, and human when expressed in yeast, and the presence of Arl1p and Arl3p homologs in these species, suggest that this is an evolutionarily conserved mechanism.
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|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
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