The yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) contains three N-acetyltransferases, NatA, NatB, and NatC, each of which acetylates proteins with different N-terminal regions. The 19S regulatory particle of the yeast 26S proteasome consists of 17 subunits, 12 of which are N-terminally modified. By using nat1, nat3, and mak3 deletion mutants, we found that 8 subunits, Rpt4, Rpt5, Rpt6, Rpn2, Rpn3, Rpn5, Rpn6, and Rpn8, were NatA substrates, and that 2 subunits, Rpt3 and Rpn11, were NatB substrates. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that the initiator Met of Rpt2 precursor polypeptide was processed and a part of the mature Rpt2 was N-myristoylated. The crude extracts from the normal strain and the nat1 deletion mutant were similar in chymotrypsin-like activity in the presence of ATP in vitro and in the accumulation level of the 26S proteasome. These characteristics were different from those of the 20S proteasome: the chymotrypsin-like activity and accumulation level of 20S proteasome were appreciably higher from the nat1 deletion mutant than from the normal strain.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|