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Reference: Mamnun YM, et al. (2002) The yeast zinc finger regulators Pdr1p and Pdr3p control pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) as homo- and heterodimers in vivo. Mol Microbiol 46(5):1429-40

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Abstract


The transcription factors Pdr1p and Pdr3p from Saccharomyces cerevisiae mediate pleiotropic drug resistance (PDR) by controlling expression of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as Pdr5p, Snq2p and Yor1p. Previous in vitro studies demonstrated that Pdr1p and Pdr3p recognize so-called pleiotropic drug resistance elements (PDREs) in the promoters of target genes. In this study, we show that both Pdr1p and Pdr3p are phosphoproteins; Pdr3p isoforms migrate as two bands in gel electrophoresis, reflecting two distinct phosphorylation states. Most importantly, native co-immunoprecipitation experiments, using functional epitope-tagged Pdr1p/Pdr3p variants, demonstrate that Pdr1p and Pdr3p can form both homo- and heterodimers in vivo. Furthermore, in vivo footprinting of PDRE-containing promoters demonstrate that Pdr1p/Pdr3p constitutively occupy both perfect and degenerate PDREs in vivo. Thus, in addition to interaction with other regulators, differential dimerization provides a plausible explanation for the observation that Pdr3p and Pdr1p can both positively and negatively control PDR promoters with different combinations of perfect and degenerate PDREs.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Mamnun YM, Pandjaitan R, Mahe Y, Delahodde A, Kuchler K
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