Grx5 defines a family of yeast monothiol glutaredoxins that also includes Grx3 and Grx4. All three proteins display significant sequence homology with proteins found from bacteria to humans. Grx5 is involved in iron/sulfur cluster assembly at the mitochondria, but the function of Grx3 and Grx4 is unknown. Three-dimensional modeling based on known dithiol glutaredoxin structures predicted a thioredoxin fold structure for Grx5. Positionally conserved amino acids in this glutaredoxin family were replaced in Grx5, and the effect on the biological function of the protein has been tested. For all changes studied, there was a correlation between the effects on several different phenotypes: sensitivity to oxidants, constitutive protein oxidation, ability for respiratory growth, auxotrophy for a number of amino acids, and iron accumulation. Cys(60) and Gly(61) are essential for Grx5 function, whereas other single or double substitutions in the same region had no phenotypic effects. Gly(115) and Gly(116) could be important for the formation of a glutathione cleft on the Grx5 surface, in contrast to adjacent Cys(117). Substitution of Phe(50) alters the beta-sheet in the thioredoxin fold structure and inhibits Grx5 function. None of the substitutions tested affect the structure at a significant enough level to reduce protein stability.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|