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Reference: Ling F and Shibata T (2002) Recombination-dependent mtDNA partitioning: in vivo role of Mhr1p to promote pairing of homologous DNA. EMBO J 21(17):4730-40

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Abstract

Yeast mhr1-1 was isolated as a defective mutation in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) recombination. About half of mhr1-1 cells lose mtDNA during growth at a higher temperature. Here, we show that mhr1-1 exhibits a defect in the partitioning of nascent mtDNA into buds and is a base-substitution mutation in MHR1 encoding a mitochondrial matrix protein. We found that the Mhr1 protein (Mhr1p) has activity to pair single-stranded DNA and homologous double-stranded DNA to form heteroduplex joints in vitro, and that mhr1-1 causes the loss of this activity, indicating its role in homologous mtDNA recombination. While the majority of the mtDNA in the mother cells consists of head-to-tail concatemers, more than half of the mtDNA in the buds exists as genome-sized monomers. The mhr1-1 deltacce1 double mutant cells do not maintain any mtDNA, indicating the strict dependence of mtDNA maintenance on recombination functions. These results suggest a mechanism for mtDNA inheritance similar to that operating in the replication and packaging of phage DNA.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Ling F, Shibata T
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