Formins are required for cell polarization and cytokinesis, but do not have a defined biochemical activity. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, formins and the actin-monomer-binding protein profilin are specifically required to assemble linear actin structures called 'actin cables'. These structures seem to be assembled independently of the Arp2/3 complex, the only well characterized cellular mediator of actin nucleation. Here, an activated yeast formin was purified and found to promote the nucleation of actin filaments in vitro. Formin-dependent actin nucleation was stimulated by profilin. Thus, formin and profilin mediate actin nucleation by an Arp2/3-independent mechanism. These findings suggest that distinct actin nucleation mechanisms may underlie the assembly of different actin cytoskeletal structures.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|