Two genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, ALR1 and ALR2, encode proteins putatively involved in Mg(2+) uptake. The present study supports this role for ALR1 and provides the first electrophysiological characterisation of this protein. The patch-clamp technique was used to measure whole-cell ion currents in protoplasts prepared from the wild-type strain, the alr1 alr2 double mutant (CM66), and the double mutant over-expressing the ALR1 gene (CM66+ALR1). With 50 mM Mg(2+) in the bathing solution, the inward current in protoplasts of CM66+ALR1 averaged -264+/-48 pA at -150 mV. Inward currents measured in the wild-type and CM66 protoplasts were more than five-fold smaller. When Mg(2+) was the major cation in the pipette solution, time-dependent outward currents were also detected in CM66+ALR1 protoplasts suggesting ALR1 can facilitate Mg(2+) efflux as well as uptake. We conclude that the ALR1 gene encodes a transport protein. The large magnitude of the Mg(2+)-dependent currents suggests that ALR1 could function as a cation channel.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|