The intra-luminal acidic pH of endomembrane organelles is established by a proton pump, vacuolar H(+)-ATPase (V-ATPase), in combination with other ion transporter(s). The proton gradient (DeltapH) established in yeast vacuolar vesicles decreased and reached the lower value after the addition of alkaline cations including Na(+). As expected, the uptake of (22)Na(+) was coupled with DeltapH generated by V-ATPase. Disruption of NHX1 or NHA1, encoding known Na(+)/H(+) antiporters, did not result in the loss of (22)Na(+) uptake or the alkaline cation-dependent DeltapH decrease. Upon the addition of sulfate ions, the V-ATPase-dependent DeltapH in the vacuolar vesicles increased, but the membrane potential (DeltaPsi) decreased. Consistent with this observation, radioactive sulfate was transported into the vesicles with a K(m) value of 0.07 mM. The transport activity was unaffected upon disruption of the putative genes coding for homologues of plasma membrane sulfate transporters. These results indicate that the vacuoles exhibit unique Na(+)/H(+) antiport and sulfate transport, which regulate the luminal pH and ion homeostasis in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|