The yeast open reading frame YLR080w/EMP46 encodes a homolog of the Golgi protein Emp47p. These two proteins are 45% identical and have a single transmembrane domain in their C-terminal regions and a carbohydrate recognition domain signature in the N-terminal region. The C-terminal tail of Emp46p includes a dilysine signal. This protein is localized to Golgi membranes at steady state by subcellular fractionation and green fluorescent protein labeling. On block of forward transport in sec12-4 cells, redistribution of Emp46p from the Golgi to the endoplasmic reticulum is observed. These localization features are similar to those previously reported for Emp47p. In addition, mutagenesis of the C-terminal region identified a tyrosine-containing motif as a critical determinant of the Golgi-localization and interaction with both COPI and COPII components. Similar motifs are also observed in the C-terminal tail of Emp47p and other mammalian homologs. Disruption of Emp47p displays a growth defect at a high temperature or on Ca(2+)-containing medium, which is rescued by overexpression of Emp46p, suggesting a partially overlapping function between Emp46p and Emp47p. In addition, we found that the disruption of both Emp46p and Emp47p show a marked defect in the secretion of a subset of glycoproteins. Analysis of the C-terminal mutants for Ca(2+) sensitivity revealed that the forward transport of Emp46/47p is essential for their function, whereas the retrograde transport is not. We propose that Emp46p and Emp47p are required for the export of specific glycoprotein cargo from the endoplasmic reticulum.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|