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Reference: Lin H, et al. (2002) Phospholipase C interacts with Sgd1p and is required for expression of GPD1 and osmoresistance in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Genet Genomics 267(3):313-20

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Abstract


The Saccharomyces cerevisiae PLC1 gene encodes a homolog of the delta isoform of mammalian phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C. Cells deleted for PLC1 ( plc1Delta) are viable, but display several phenotypes, including osmotic, temperature, and nocodazole sensitivity. We have useda two-hybrid screen to identify Plc1p-interacting proteins. One of the interacting proteins found was Sgd1p, a recently identified, essential, nuclear protein. The SGD1 gene was originally cloned by complementation of an osmostress-sensitive mutant. The Plc1p-Sgd1p interaction was confirmed biochemically by affinity chromatography. SGD1 interacts genetically with both PLC1 and HOG1 (which encodes an osmosensing mitogen-activated protein kinase). Overexpression of Sgd1p suppresses the temperature sensitivity of cells bearing the plc1-4 allele, and the double mutant strain plc1Delta sgd1-1 displays enhanced temperature and nocodazole sensitivity. The plc1Delta hog1Delta strain displays increased osmosensitivity, and has a synthetic defect in glycerol synthesis and the expression of GPD1 (which encodes the enzyme glycerol 3-phosphate dehydrogenase that is involved in glycerol biosynthesis), suggesting that Plc1p and Hog1p function in independent pathways. The hog1Delta sgd1-1 double mutant displays enhanced osmosensitivity relative to that of either single mutant. The triple mutant plc1Delta hog1Delta sgd1-1 is inviable, while the plc1Delta hog1Delta sgd1-2 strain grows extremely slowly and is more osmosensitive than the plc1Delta hog1Delta or hog1Delta sgd1-2 strain. These results are consistent with a model in which Plc1p and Hog1p function in parallel pathways affecting osmoregulation, and signals from both these pathways converge, at least partly, on Sgd1p.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Lin H, Nguyen P, Vancura A
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