The mechanism by which yeast 20 S proteasomes are imported into the nucleus is still unresolved. Here, we provide the first evidence that 20S proteasomes are imported as precursor complexes into the nucleus. By using the srp1-49 mutant which is deficient in nuclear import of cargos with classical nuclear localization sequences (cNLS), we show that proteasome precursor complexes associate with importin/karyopherin alphabeta, the cNLS receptor, and that they accumulate inside the cytoplasm. Reconstitution assays revealed that only precursor complexes are targeted to the nuclear envelope (NE) by karyopherin alphabeta. In support, the green fluorescent protein (GFP)-labelled maturation factor Ump1, marking precursor complexes, mainly localizes to the nucleus and around the NE. Our data suggest that nuclear 20 S proteasomes are finally matured inside the nucleus.CI - Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|