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Reference: Keogh MC, et al. (2002) Kin28 is found within TFIIH and a Kin28-Ccl1-Tfb3 trimer complex with differential sensitivities to T-loop phosphorylation. Mol Cell Biol 22(5):1288-97

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Abstract

Basal transcription factor TFIIH phosphorylates the RNA polymerase II (RNApII) carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) within the transcription initiation complex. The catalytic kinase subunit of TFIIH is a member of the cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) family, designated Kin28 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Cdk7 in higher eukaryotes. Together with TFIIH subunits cyclin H and Mat1, Cdk7 kinase is also found in a trimer complex known as Cdk activating kinase (CAK). A yeast trimer complex has not previously been identified, although a Kin28-Ccl1 dimer called TFIIK has been isolated as a breakdown product of TFIIH. Here we show that a trimeric complex of Kin28-Ccl1-Tfb3 exists in yeast extracts. Several Kin28 point mutants that are defective in CTD phosphorylation were created. Consistent with earlier studies, these mutants have no transcriptional defect in vitro. Like other Cdks, Kin28 is activated by phosphorylation on T162 of the T loop. Kin28 T162 mutants have no growth defects alone but do demonstrate synthetic phenotypes when combined with mutant versions of the cyclin partner, Ccl1. Surprisingly, these phosphorylation site mutants appear to destabilize the association of the cyclin subunit within the context of TFIIH but not within the trimer complex.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Keogh MC, Cho EJ, Podolny V, Buratowski S
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