The major pathways of mRNA turnover in eukaryotic cells are initiated by shortening of the poly(A) tail. Recent work has identified Ccr4p and Pop2p as components of the major cytoplasmic deadenylase in yeast. We now demonstrate that CCR4 encodes the catalytic subunit of the deadenylase and that Pop2p is dispensable for catalysis. In addition, we demonstrate that at least some of the Ccr4p/Pop2p-associated Not proteins are cytoplasmic, and lesions in some of the NOT genes can lead to defects in mRNA deadenylation rates. The Ccr4p deadenylase is inhibited in vitro by addition of the poly(A) binding protein (Pab1p), suggesting that dissociation of Pab1p from the poly(A) tail may be rate limiting for deadenylation in vivo. In addition, the rapid deadenylation of the COX17 mRNA, which is controlled by a member of the Pumilio family of deadenylation activators Puf3p, requires an active Ccr4p/Pop2p/Not deadenylase. These results define the Ccr4p/Pop2p/Not complex as the cytoplasmic deadenylase in yeast and identify positive and negative regulators of this enzyme complex.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|