Two cytoplasmically inherited determinants related by their manifestation to the control of translation accuracy were previously described in yeast. Cells carrying one of them, [PSI(+)], display a nonsense suppressor phenotype and contain a prion form of the Sup35 protein. Another element, [PIN(+)], determines the probability of de novo generation of [PSI(+)] and results from a prion form of several proteins, which can be functionally unrelated to Sup35p. Here we describe a novel nonchromosomal determinant related to the SUP35 gene. This determinant, designated [ISP(+)], was identified as an antisuppressor of certain sup35 mutations. We observed its loss upon growth on guanidine hydrochloride and subsequent spontaneous reappearance with high frequency. The reversible curability of [ISP(+)] resembles the behavior of yeast prions. However, in contrast to known prions, [ISP(+)] does not depend on the chaperone protein Hsp104. Though manifestation of both [ISP(+)] and [PSI(+)] is related to the SUP35 gene, the maintenance of [ISP(+)] does not depend on the prionogenic N-terminal domain of Sup35p and Sup35p is not aggregated in [ISP(+)] cells, thus ruling out the possibility that [ISP(+)] is a specific form of [PSI(+)]. We hypothesize that [ISP(+)] is a novel prion involved in the control of translation accuracy in yeast.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|