CAK1 encodes a protein kinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae whose sole essential mitotic role is to activate the Cdc28p cyclin-dependent kinase by phosphorylation of threonine-169 in its activation loop. SMK1 encodes a sporulation-specific mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase homolog that is required to regulate the postmeiotic events of spore wall assembly. CAK1 was previously identified as a multicopy suppressor of a weakened smk1 mutant and shown to be required for spore wall assembly. Here we show that Smk1p, like other MAP kinases, is phosphorylated in its activation loop and that Smk1p is not activated in a cak1 missense mutant. Strains harboring a hyperactivated allele of CDC28 that is CAK1 independent and that lacks threonine-169 still require CAK1 to activate Smk1p. The data indicate that Cak1p functions upstream of Smk1p by activating a protein kinase other than Cdc28p. We also found that mutants lacking CAK1 are blocked early in meiotic development, as they show substantial delays in premeiotic DNA synthesis and defects in the expression of sporulation-specific genes, including IME1. The early meiotic role of Cak1p, like the postmeiotic role in the Smk1p pathway, is CDC28 independent. The data indicate that Cak1p activates multiple steps in meiotic development through multiple protein kinase targets.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|