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Reference: Votsmeier C and Gallwitz D (2001) An acidic sequence of a putative yeast Golgi membrane protein binds COPII and facilitates ER export. EMBO J 20(23):6742-50

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Abstract

We previously identified Sys1p as a high copy number suppressor of Ypt6 GTPase-deficient yeast mutants that are defective in endosome-to-Golgi transport. Here, we show that Sys1p is an integral membrane protein that resides on a post-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) organelle(s). Affinity studies with detergent- solubilized yeast proteins showed that the C-terminal 53 amino acid tail of Sys1p binds effectively to the cytoplasmic Sec23p-Sec24p COPII subcomplex. This binding required a di-acidic Asp-Leu-Glu (DXE) motif, previously shown to mediate efficient ER export of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein in mammalian cells. In Sys1p, a Glu-Leu-Glu (EXE) sequence could not substitute for the (DXE) motif. Mutations of the (DXE) sequence resulted in ER retention of approximately 30% of the protein at steady state, whereas addition of the Sys1p tail to an ER-resident membrane protein led to an intracellular redistribution of the chimeric protein. Our study demonstrates for the first time that, in yeast, a di-acidic sequence motif can act as a sorting signal for cargo selection during the formation of transport vesicles at the ER by direct binding to COPII component(s).

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Votsmeier C, Gallwitz D
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