We previously identified Sys1p as a high copy number suppressor of Ypt6 GTPase-deficient yeast mutants that are defective in endosome-to-Golgi transport. Here, we show that Sys1p is an integral membrane protein that resides on a post-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) organelle(s). Affinity studies with detergent- solubilized yeast proteins showed that the C-terminal 53 amino acid tail of Sys1p binds effectively to the cytoplasmic Sec23p-Sec24p COPII subcomplex. This binding required a di-acidic Asp-Leu-Glu (DXE) motif, previously shown to mediate efficient ER export of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein in mammalian cells. In Sys1p, a Glu-Leu-Glu (EXE) sequence could not substitute for the (DXE) motif. Mutations of the (DXE) sequence resulted in ER retention of approximately 30% of the protein at steady state, whereas addition of the Sys1p tail to an ER-resident membrane protein led to an intracellular redistribution of the chimeric protein. Our study demonstrates for the first time that, in yeast, a di-acidic sequence motif can act as a sorting signal for cargo selection during the formation of transport vesicles at the ER by direct binding to COPII component(s).
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|