Nuclear mRNA metabolism relies on the interplay between transcription, processing, and nuclear export. RNA polymerase II transcripts experience major rearrangements within the nucleus, which include alterations in the structure of the mRNA precursors as well as the addition and perhaps even removal of proteins prior to transport across the nuclear membrane. Such mRNP-remodeling steps are thought to require the activity of RNA helicases/ATPases. One such protein, the DECD box RNA-dependent ATPase Sub2p/UAP56, is involved in both early and late steps of spliceosome assembly. Here, we report a more general function of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sub2p in mRNA nuclear export. We observe a rapid and dramatic nuclear accumulation of poly(A)(+) RNA in strains carrying mutant alleles of sub2. Strikingly, an intronless transcript, HSP104, also accumulates in nuclei, suggesting that Sub2p function is not restricted to splicing events. The HSP104 transcripts are localized in a single nuclear focus that is suggested to be at or near their site of transcription. Intriguingly, Sub2p shows strong genetic and functional interactions with the RNA polymerase II-associated DNA/DNA:RNA helicase Rad3p as well as the nuclear RNA exosome component Rrp6p, which was independently implicated in the retention of mRNAs at transcription sites. Taken together, our data suggest that Sub2p functions at an early step in the mRNA export process.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|