Whole-genome analysis was performed using DNA microarrays to define the changes in the gene expression patterns occurring in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells exposed to ionizing radiation. The effects of sublethal dose on wild-type, rad53 (enhanced sensitivity to radiation and impaired in a cell cycle damage checkpoint), and rad6 (enhanced sensitivity to radiation and functional cell cycle block by radiation) mutant backgrounds and of a higher dose on the wild-type and G(2)-phase-arrested cells were analyzed. Several gene pathways were identified as being implicated in the response to radiation. In particular, the cell cycle blockage that occurred in the wild-type strain after a high radiation dose and in the rad6 mutant after a lower dose entailed modifications of defined gene expression patterns, which are described here and are compared with the gene modulation patterns observed in the rad53 strain in the absence of efficient blockage. Loss of the RAD53 function caused a major increase in the number of genes modulated by radiation. Given that Rad53-Sad1p, the protein encoded by RAD53, has functions other than those directly connected to cell cycle arrest, we determined the gene patterns that were modulated upon irradiation of rad53 cells that had been forced to arrest in G(2) phase by nocodazole treatment. These differential whole-genome analyses shed light on the multiplicity of functions of the pivotal Rad53-Sad1p protein. The results obtained describe how the cells respond to different irradiation conditions by modulating important gene classes, including those associated with stress defense, ribosomal proteins, histones, ergosterol and GCR1-controlled sugar metabolism.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|