The alpha-factor mating pheromone receptor (encoded by STE2) activates aG protein signaling pathway that stimulates the conjugation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells. The alpha-factor receptor is known to undergo several forms of post-translational modification, including phosphorylation, mono-ubiquitination, and N-linked glycosylation. Since phosphorylation and mono-ubiquitination have been shown previously to play key roles in regulating the signaling activity and membrane trafficking of the alpha-factor receptors, the role of N-linked glycosylation was investigated in this study. The Asn residues in the five consensus sites for N-linked glycosylation present in the extracellular regions of the receptor protein were mutated to prevent carbohydrate attachment at these sites. Mutation of two sites near the receptor N-terminus (N25Q and N32Q) diminished the degree of receptor glycosylation, and the corresponding double mutant was not detectably N-glycosylated. The nonglycosylated receptors displayed normal function and subcellular localization, indicating that glycosylation is not important for wild-type receptor activity. However, mutation of the glycosylation sites resulted in improved plasma membrane localization for the Ste2-3 mutant receptors that are normally retained intracellularly at elevated temperatures. These results suggest that N-glycosylation may be involved in the sorting process for misfolded Ste2 proteins, and may similarly affect certain mutant receptors whose altered trafficking is implicated in human diseases.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|